Israel and Palestine Syllabus by Kate Taber
Why are Palestinians protesting right now and why is the Israeli military using such force against them?
Why is an evangelical pastor who once said that Jewish people are going to hell and a megachurch televangelist who claimed that Hitler was part of God’s plan to return Jews to Israel part of the opening ceremony of the new American Embassy in Jerusalem?
What if I actually don’t know anything about the general history of this conflict- do you have some resource or two that would briefly give me some useful context?
Where can I follow current events unfolding without the filter of American media? How do I find Israeli and Palestinian perspectives?
Why do so many people of color in the United States relate to Palestinians- what are the connections between their experiences?
Didn’t Israel take its military out of Gaza? If it’s free and sovereign, why the protests? Isn’t any suffering of its people the fault of its elected leadership?
If you have any of these questions, check out the resources below:
Understanding Current Issues:
*Interview with the incredible Noura Erakat on why protestors are protesting right now: https://www.cbsnews.com/video/how-are-palestinians-reacting-to-the-u-s-embassy-in-jerusalem-and-violence-in-gaza/
*Great analysis giving historical context to what is happening now: https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2018/05/the-meaning-of-nakba-israel-palestine-1948-gaza/560294/
This might be one of the best succinct resources I’ve seen-from Jewish Voice for Peace: https://jewishvoiceforpeace.org/killed-for-protesting-6-things-to-know-about-the-great-return-march/
Journalist Jonathan Cook dispelling myths about current protests and historical context: https://www.jonathan-cook.net/2018-05-13/west-betrayed-palestinians-70-years-nakba/
Analyst/Israel-Palestine expert Nathan Stock on why Hamas support of the demonstrations is positive and significant: http://www.mei.edu/content/article/hamas-supports-gaza-s-protest-movement-and-s-good-thing
Amira Hass article (text copied at end of document) https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-to-call-gaza-protests-hamas-march-understates-their-significance-1.6091833
Dynamics of discrimination that reactions to killings reveals: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/global-opinions/wp/2018/04/04/after-the-gaza-killings-its-time-to-crack-down-on-israel/?utm_term=.f458b627ba22
another explanation of the power of the concept of ‘return’: http://time.com/5273108/back-to-the-future-israeli-palestinian-conflict/
on the ground perspective in Gaza: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/04/27/opinion/march-gaza-friday-palestinian.html
Where to go to follow current events
*Follow Israeli and Palestinian news sources (not American ones): Haaretz, Maan News
*Follow Palestinian, Israeli and American analysts on Twitter and read articles they publish: Diana Buttu, Daniel Seidemann, Lara Friedman, Noura Erakat, Sam Bahour, Khaled Elgindy, Amira Hass, Jonathan Cook
To track humanitarian issues, follow the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs: https://www.ochaopt.org/
Americans for Peace Now (Jewish org) has a great news summary email you can sign up for (http://peacenow.org/issue.php?cat=news-nosh#.Wvr_PdMvz_8)
*Watch Jewish Voice for Peace’s Intro to Israel-Palestine video (6 minutes): http://jewishvoiceforpeace.org/content/israeli-palestinian-conflict-101
*Read a brief summary of the history of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict: http://www.merip.org/sites/default/files/Primer_on_Palestine-Israel(MERIP_February2014)final.pdf
Video clip on significance of Jerusalem: https://www.facebook.com/ajplusenglish/videos/241523863260994/
*Myths and Misperceptions (written for my newsletter during 2014 incursion on Gaza, but relevant for today to address persisting myths): http://us3.forward-to-friend.com/forward/show?u=6a60e33fb4858ebdcca7152f8&id=9a91b66f62
General overview from AFSC: https://www.afsc.org/resource/gaza-under-siege
General overview from Institute for Middle East Understanding: https://imeu.org/article/putting-palestinians-on-a-diet-israels-siege-blockade-of-gaza
20-minute video: http://www.gazaincontext.com/
From a Jewish American analyst, useful especially for the description of detailed control Israel holds over Gaza and the history of Hamas: https://forward.com/opinion/399738/american-jews-have-abandoned-gaza-and-the-truth/
Intersections between Israeli and American structural racism
Settler Colonialism, White Supremacy, and the “Special Relationship” between the US and Israel: https://jewishvoiceforpeace.org/settler-colonialism-white-supremacy-and-the-special-relationship-between-the-u-s-and-israel/
From Gaza to Ferguson: Exposing the Toolbox of Racist Repression: https://fpif.org/gaza-ferguson-exposing-toolbox-racist-repression/
Black-Palestine Solidarity in the Ferguson-Gaza Era: https://reblaw.yale.edu/sites/default/files/black-palestinian_solidarity_in_the_ferguson-gaza_era.pdf
Freedom Bound: Resisting Zionism and White Supremacy: https://uscpr.org/learn/togetherwerise/freedom-bound/
Noura Erakat on “The Nakba and Anti-Blackness”: http://nakbafiles.org/2016/05/18/the-nakba-and-anti-blackness/
Understanding Christian Zionism
Christian Zionism: The New Heresy that Undermines Middle East Peace: http://www.stephensizer.com/2013/08/christian-zionism-the-new-heresy-that-undermines-middle-east-peace/
Origins, teachings, connections to Israel, implications, critiques: https://www.globalministries.org/mee_resources_christian_zionism_koshy
2 articles on current administration’s ties to Christian Zionism: https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/made-by-history/wp/2017/07/17/what-you-need-to-know-about-mike-pences-speech-to-christians-united-for-israel/?utm_term=.aa12061086e2
Personal narratives (books, memoirs)
Blood Brothers, Elias Chacour
*Bethlehem Beseiged, Mitri Raheb
Drinking the Sea at Gaza, Amira Hass
I Shall Not Hate, Dr. Izzeldin Abuelaish
Christian Palestinian organizations/individuals/overview (check out books/articles/websites)
Mitri Raheb/Diyar Consortium (Bethlehem Beseiged, I am a Palestinian Christian, Faith in the Face of Empire)
Tent of Nations/Daoud Nassar
Jean Zaru (Quaker)
Naim Ateek/Sabeel (Justice and Only Justice, etc.)
Elias Chacour/Mar Elias schools (Blood Brothers)
Bethlehem Bible College
Documentaries: Stones Cry Out; 60 Minutes piece on Christian Palestinians (https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2012/04/60-minutes-on-the-plight-of-palestinian-christians/256218/)
Israeli human rights groups and activists to know about: Breaking the Silence, B’Tselem, Rabbis for Human Rights, Association for Civil Rights in Israel, Adalah, Gisha, Yesh Din, Sahar Vardi, Zochrot
Amira Hass article from Haaretz
“We’re pleased our Hamas brethren understood that the proper way was through a popular, unarmed struggle,” Fatah representatives have said on several occasions recently regarding the Gaza March of Return. Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas said something similar during his address to the Palestinian National Council last week.
This expressed both cynicism and envy. Cynicism because Fatah’s official stance is that the armed struggle led by Hamas has harmed the Palestinian cause in general and the Gaza Strip in particular. And envy because the implication, which the Israeli army’s statements have reinforced, is that a call from Hamas is enough to get tens of thousands of unarmed demonstrators to face Israeli snipers along the border.
In contrast, calls by Fatah and the PLO in the West Bank, including Jerusalem, don’t bring more than a few thousand people to the streets and flash points with the police and the army. It happened again Monday, when the U.S. Embassy moved to Jerusalem. The number of Palestinian protesters in Gaza was far greater than the number in the West Bank.
The decisions on the March of Return events was made jointly by all the groups in Gaza, including Fatah. But the most organized group — the one that can work out the required logistics, equip the “return camps” (points of assembly and activity that were set up a few hundred meters from the Gaza border), control the information, maintain contact with the demonstrators and declare a general strike to protest the embassy move — is Hamas. Even a Fatah member sadly admitted this to Haaretz.
This doesn’t mean that all the demonstrators are Hamas supporters or fans of the movement who are obeying its orders. Not at all. The demonstrators come from all sectors of the population, people who identify politically and those who don’t.
“Whoever is afraid stays home, because the army shoots at everyone. The crazy ones are those who go close to the border, and they are from all the organizations or from none of them,” said a participant in the demonstration.
The army’s claims to journalists that this is a “Hamas march” are diminishing the weight of these events and the significance of tens of thousands of Gazans who are willing to get hurt, while ironically strengthening Hamas’ status as a responsible political organization that knows how to change the tactics of its struggle, while also knowing how to play down its role.
On Monday, with the killing of no fewer than 53 Gaza residents as of 7 P.M., there was no place for cynicism or envy. Abbas declared a period of mourning and ordered flags lowered for three days, along with a general strike Tuesday. This is the same Abbas who was planning a series of economic sanctions against the Strip in another attempt to quash Hamas.
The residents of the Gaza Strip, with their dead and wounded, are influencing internal Palestinian politics, whether they know it or not, whether intentionally or not. No one would dare impose such sanctions now. Time will tell whether anyone will come to the conclusion that if Israel is killing so many during unarmed demonstrations, they might as well return to individual armed attacks — as revenge or as a tactic that will lead to fewer Palestinian victims.
In the early hours of Monday morning, army bulldozers entered the Gaza Strip and leveled the sand banks built by Palestinians to protect them from snipers, according to fieldworkers from the Al Mezan Center for Human Rights.
At around 6:30 A.M., the army also fired at tents in the return camps, and several of the tents went up in flames. Some of the burned tents were used by first-aid teams, Al Mezan reported.
The Samaa news website reported that police dogs were sent into the return camps and that the army sprayed “skunk” water in the border area. The frantic summons of senior Hamas figures in the Gaza Strip to meet with Egyptian intelligence in Cairo was understood even before it was reported that the Egyptians passed on threatening Israeli messages to Ismail Haniyeh and Khalil al-Hayya, deputy to the Hamas leader in the Gaza Strip, Yahya Sinwar.
Everyone in the Gaza Strip knows the hospitals are way over capacity and that the medical teams are unable to treat all the wounded. Al Mezan reported on a medical delegation that was supposed to arrive from the West Bank but was prevented from entering by Israel.
Everyone knows that wounded people who were operated on are being discharged too soon and that there’s a shortage of essential drugs for the wounded, including antibiotics. Even when there are drugs, many of the wounded cannot pay even the minimum required to obtain them, and so they return a few days later to the doctor with an infection. This is all based on reports from international medical sources.
All the signals, warnings, the many fatalities in the past few weeks and the disturbing reports from the hospitals did not deter the tens of thousands of demonstrators Monday. The right of return and opposition to the relocation of the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem are worthy goals or reasons, acceptable to all.
But not to the extent that masses of West Bank and East Jerusalem residents would join their brothers in the Gaza Strip. There, the most desirable goal for which to demonstrate is the obvious demand and the easiest to implement immediately — to give Gazans back their freedom of movement and their right to connect with the outside world, especially with members of their own people beyond the barbed wire surrounding them. This is a demand of the “ordinary” public and not a private Hamas matter, since both its leaders and rank-and-file members know very well that once they enter the Erez crossing between Israel and the Strip, they will be arrested.